Carlo U. Segre, Ph.D.
Research & Accomplishments
My research centers around the structure and electronic properties of complex materials including superconducting, magnetic, catalytic, and energy storage materials.
Experimental techniques used in my research include; material synthesis through arc-melting, powder metallurgy, and advanced chemical methods; structural characterization of the samples performed by x-ray powder diffraction and xray absorption fine structure; and measurement of electronic properties by resistivity, magnetic susceptibility, and x-ray absorption spectroscopy. Specific topics of interest include:
- structural and electrochemical properties of advanced battery materials;
- in-situ structural studies of catalytic materials for use in fuel cells;
- structural and electronic properties of magnetoelectric materials and other perovskite materials prepared in the form of nanoparticles and thin films;
- local structural studies of structural materials for use in nuclear reactors, including in-situ corrosion studies and characterization of nano-crystalline inclusions in steels;
- development of x-ray optics for synchrotron radiation experimentation.
I also am an active participant in the IIT Center for Synchrotron Radiation Research and Instrumentation (CSRRI); serving as Center Director and as Deputy Director of the Materials Research Collaborative Access Team (MRCAT) which operates an experimental facility for materials research at the Advanced Photon Source (APS). I have been involved in the development of crystal optic devices for delivery and detection of x-rays at synchrotron beamlines.
Since 1992, I have been involved with the International Bridge Building Committee. We organize the Chicago Regional Bridge Building Contest each winter and the International Bridge Building Contest in odd years. This contest has grown, over the past 37 years, to be an integral part of many High School Physical Science curricula.
- Structure and properties of multiferroic, catalytic and nuclear materials using synchrotron radiation techniques
"Evidence for core-shell nanoclusters in oxygen dispersion strengthened steels measured using x-ray absorption spectroscopy", S. Liu, G.R. Odette, and C.U. Segre, J. Nucl. Mater. 445, 50-56 (2014).
"Structure-property-activity correlations of Pt-bimetallic nanoparticles: a theoretical study", Q. Jia, C.U. Segre, D. Ramaker, K. Caldwell, M. Trahan, S. Mukerjee, Electrochimica Acta 88, 604-613 (2013).
"Temperature dependence of aliovalent-vanadium doping in LiFePO4 Cathodes", K.L. Harrison, C.A. Bridges, M.P. Paranthaman, C.U. Segre, J. Katsoudas , V.A. Maroni , J.C. Idrobo, J.B. Goodenough, and A. Manthiram, Chem. Mater. 25, 768-781 (2013).
"In situ Ru K-Edge x-ray absorption spectroscopy study of methanol oxidation mechanisms on model submonolayer Ru on Pt nanoparticle electrocatalyst", C.J. Pelliccione, E.V. Timofeeva, J.P. Katsoudas, and C.U. Segre, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 18904-18912 (2013).
"X-ray powder diffraction refinement of PbTi1-xFexO3-δ solid solution series'', H. Ganegoda, J.A. Kaduk, and C.U. Segre, Powder Diffraction 28254 (2013).
"Quantitative performance measurements of bent crystal Laue analyzers for X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy", C. Karanfil, G. Bunker, M. Newville, C.U. Segre, and L.D. Chapman, J. Synchrotron Radiation 19, 375-380 (2012).
"Correlation between the piezo-Barkhausen effect and the fatigue limit of steel", T. Erber, S. A. Guralnick, C. U. Segre, and W. Tong, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 45, 465002 (2012).
"Photoemission studies of fluorine funcionalized porous graphitic carbon", H. Ganegoda, D.S. Jensen, D. Olive, L Cheng, C.U. Segre, M.R. Linford, and J. Terry, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 053705 (2012).
"Quantitative performance measurements of bent crystal Laue analyzers for X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy", C. Karanfil, G. Bunker, M. Newville, and C.U. Segre, and L.D. Chapman, J. Synchrotron Radiation 19, 375- 380 (2012).
"Local compositional environment of Er in ZnS:ErF3 thin film electroluminescent phosphors", M.R. Davidson, S. Stoupin, D. DeVito, J. Collingwood, C.U. Segre and P.H. Holloway, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 054505 (2011).
"Operando X-Ray Absorption and Infrared Fuel Cell Spectroscopy", E.A. Lewis, I. Kendrick, C. Grice, C.U. Segre and E.S. Smotkin, Electrochim. Acta 56, 8827-8832 (2011).
"Operando X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells", E.S. Smotkin and C.U. Segre, Fuel Cell Science: Theory, Fundamentals and Biocatalysis, eds. A. Wieckowski and J.K. Norskov, 545-564 (John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken NJ, 2010).
"An X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Study of Mo Oxidation in Pb at Elevated Temperatures", S. Liu, D. Olive, J. Terry, and C.U. Segre, J. Nucl. Mat. 392, 259-263 (2009).
"Embedded Cluster Δ-XANES Modeling of Adsorption Processes on Pt", E.A. Lewis, C.U. Segre, and E.S. Smotkin, Electrochim. Acta 10.1016/j.electacta.2009.06.067 (2009).
"Synchrotron radiation-based x-ray analysis of bronze artifacts from and Iron Age site in the Judean Hills", E.S. Friedman, A.J. Brody, M.L. Young, J.D. Almer, C.U. Segre, and S.M. Mini, J. Archaeological Science 35, 1951-1960 (2008).
"Niobium Speciation at the Metal/Oxide Interface of Corroded Niobium-Doped Zircaloys: A X-Ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure Study", A. Froideval, C. Degueldre, C.U. Segre, M.A. Pouchon and D. Grolimund, Corrosion Science 50, 1313-1320 (2008).
"Structural Analysis of Sonochemically Prepared PtRu Versus Johnson Matthey PtRu in Operating Direct Methanol Fuel Cells", S. Stoupin, H. Rivera, Z. Li, C.U. Segre, C. Korzeniewski, D.J. Casadonte, H. Inoue and E.S. Smotkin, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10, 6430-6437 (2008).