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Fred J. Hickernell

Fred J. Hickernell, Ph.D.

Fred J. Hickernell
Professor of Applied Mathematics
Vice Provost for Research




IIT Tower, Room 7C9-2

Office Hours: 

by Appointment


Ph.D. - Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1981)
B.A. - Pomona College (1977)

Research & Accomplishments 

Developed new measures of uniformity for designs used in laboratory and numerical experiments; established numerical error and computational complexity bounds for Monte Carlo and quasi-Monte Carlo methods


  • Computational complexity of numerical problems
  • Experimental design
  • Multivariate numerical approximation and integration
  • Monte Carlo and quasi-Monte Carlo methods
  • Adaptive Algorithms


  • Fast and accurate approximation of multivariate functions
  • Numerical integration of stochastic differential equations
  • Uniform experimental designs
  • Automatic algorithms for integration and approximation


  • Fellow of the American Scientific Affiliation
  • Fellow of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics
  • Elected Member of the International Statistical Institute
  • Phi Beta Kappa


S.-C.T. Choi, Y. Ding, F.J. Hickernell, R. Jagadeeswaran, L. Jiang, Ll.A. Jiménez Rugama, D. Li, X. Tong, K. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and X. Zhou, GAIL: Guaranteed Automatic Integration Library (versions 1.0–2.3), MATLAB software, 2013–2019.

F.J. Hickernell and Ll. A. Jiménez Rugama, Reliable adaptive cubature using digital sequences}, Monte Carlo and Quasi-Monte Carlo Methods: MCQMC, Leuven, Belgium, April 2014 (R. Cools and D. Nuyens, eds.), Springer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statistics, vol. 163, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2016, pp. 367–383.

N. Clancy, Y. Ding, C. Hamilton, F.J. Hickernell, and Y. Zhang, The cost of deterministic, adaptive, automatic algorithms: Cones, not balls, J. Complexity, 30, (2014), 21–45, DOI 10.1016/j.jco.2013.09.002.

G.E. Fasshauer, F.J. Hickernell, and H. Wozniakowski, On dimension-independent rates of approximation with Gaussian kernels, SIAM J. Numer. Anal. 50 (2012) 247–271.

F.J. Hickernell, T. Muller-Gronbach, B. Niu, and K. Ritter, Deterministic multi-level algorithm on $\mathbb{R}^{mathbb{N}}$, J. Complexity 27 (2011). 331–351.

F. J. Hickernell and H. Wozniakowski, Integration and approximation in arbitrary dimensions, Adv.Comput. Math.12 (2000), 25–58.

F. J. Hickernell and M. Q. Liu, Uniform designs limit aliasing, Biometrika 89 (2002), 893–904.

F. J. Hickernell, A generalized discrepancy and quadrature error bound, Math. Comp. 67 (1998), 299–322. (Selected Publications)

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