## Undergraduate

### PHYS 100 Introduction to the Profession

Introduction to the physical sciences, scientific method, computing tools, and interrelations of physical sciences with chemistry, biology and other professions. 2-0-2 (C)

### PHYS 120 Astronomy

A descriptive survey of observational astronomy, the solar system, stellar evolution, pulsars, black holes, galaxies, quasars, the origin and fate of the universe. 3-0-3

### PHYS 123 General Physics I: Mechanics

Vectors and motion in one, two and three dimensions. Newton's Laws. Particle dynamics, work and energy. Conservation laws and collisions. Rotational kinematics and dynamics, angular momentum and equilibrium of rigid bodies. Gravitation. Oscillations. 3-3-4

### PHYS 200 Basic Physics for Architects

This course will address the basic physical principles and concepts associated with energy, power, heat, light, sound, circuits, materials, fluids, and forces. Although quantitative at times, the course will stress conceptual understanding and practical applications. 4-0-4

### PHYS 211 Basic Physics I

Intended to give students in liberal arts, business, and psychology an understanding of the basic principles of physics and an appreciation of how the results of physics influence contemporary society. This course does not satisfy graduation in any engineering or physical science program. 3-0-3

### PHYS 212 Basic Physics II

Intended to give students in the liberal arts, business, and psychology an understanding of the basic principles of physics and an appreciation of how the results of physics influence contemporary society. This course does not count for graduation in any engineering or physical science program. 3-0-3

### PHYS 221 General Physics II: Electromagnetism and Optics

Waves charge, electric field, Gauss' Law and potential. Capacitance, resistance, simple a/c and d/c circuits. Magnetic fields, Ampere's Law, Faraday's Law, induction, and Maxwell's equations. Traveling waves, electromagnetic waves, and light. 3-3-4 (C)

### PHYS 223 General Physics III: Thermal and Modern Physics

Sound, fluid mechanics and elasticity. Temperature, first and second laws of thermodynamics, kinetic theory and entropy. Reflection, refraction, interference and diffraction. Special relativity. Quantization of light, charge and energy. 3-3-4

### PHYS 224 General Physics III Lecture: Thermal and Modern Physics

Sound and fluid mechanics. Temperature, first and second laws of thermodynamics, kinetic theory and entropy. Reflection, refraction, interference and diffraction. Special relativity. Light and quantum physics, structure of the hydrogen atom. Atomic physics, electrical conduction in solids, nuclear physics, particle physics and cosmology. 3-0-3

### PHYS 240 Computational Science

This course provides an overview of introductory general physics in a computer laboratory setting. Euler-Newton method for solving differential equations, the trapezoidal rule for numerical quadrature and simple applications of random number generators. Computational projects include the study of periodic and chaotic motion, the motion of falling bodies and projectiles with air resistance, conservation of energy in mechanical and electrical systems, satellite motion, using random numbers to simulate radioactivity, the Monte Carlo method, and classical physical models for the hydrogen molecule and the helium atom. 2-3-3 (C)

### PHYS 300 Instrumentation Laboratory

Basic electronic skills for scientific research. Electrical measurements, basic circuit analysis, diode and transistor circuits. Transistor and integrated amplifiers, filters, and power circuits. Basics of digital circuits, including Boolean algebra and design of logic circuits. 2-3-3 (C)

### PHYS 304 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics

Statistical basis of thermodynamics, including kinetic theory, fundamentals of statistical mechanics, fluctuations and noise, transport phenomena and the Boltzmann equation. Thermodynamic functions and their applications, first and second laws of thermodynamics. 3-0-3

### PHYS 308 Classical Mechanics I

Newton's Laws, one-dimensional motion, vector methods, kinematics, dynamics, conservation laws, and the Kepler problem. Collisions, systems of particles, and rigid-body motion. Approximation techniques, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of classical mechanics, small oscillations. 3-0-3

### PHYS 309 Classical Mechanics II

Newton's Laws, one dimensional motion, vector methods, kinematics, dynamics, conservation laws, and the Kepler problem. Collisions, systems of particles, and rigid-body motion. Approximation technique, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of classical mechanics, small oscillations. 3-0-3

### PHYS 348 Modern Physics for Scientists and Engineers

An introduction to modern physics with the emphasis on the basic concepts that can be treated with elementary mathematics. Subjects covered include Bohr atom, elementary wave mechanics and an introduction to quantum mechanics, atom and molecular spectra, nuclear, and particle physics. 3-0-3

### PHYS 403 Relativity

Introduction to the special and general theories of relativity. Lorentz covariance. Minkowski space. Maxwell's equations. Relativistic mechanics. General coordinate covariance, differential geometry, Riemann tensor, the gravitational field equations. Schwarzschild solution, astronomical and experimental tests, relativistic cosmological models. 3-0-3

### PHYS 404 Subatomic Physics

Historical introduction; general survey of nuclear and elementary particle physics; symmetries and conservation laws; leptons, quarks, and vector bosons; unified electromagnetic and weak interactions; the parton model and quantum chromodynamics. 3-0-3

### PHYS 405 Fundamentals of Quantum Theory I

A review of modern physics including topics such as blackbody radiation, the photoelectric effect, the Compton effect, the Bohr model of the hydrogen atom, the correspondence principle, and the DeBroglie hypothesis. Topics in one-dimensional quantum mechanics such as the particle in an infinite potential well, reflection and transmission from potential wells, barriers, and steps, the finite potential well and the quantum harmonic oscillator. General topics such as raising and lowering operators, Hermitian operators, commutator brackets and the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle are also covered. Many particle systems and the Pauli Exclusion Principle are discussed. Three-dimensional quantum mechanical systems, orbital angular momentum, the hydrogen atom. 3-0-3

### PHYS 406 Fundamentals of Quantum Theory II

Zeeman and Stark Effects. Addition of spin and orbital angular momenta, the matrix representation of quantum mechanical operators, the physics of spin precession and nuclear magnetic resonance. Time independent and time dependent perturbation theory, Fermi's Golden Rule and the physics of radiation emitted in the course of atomic transitions. Indistinguishable particles in quantum mechanics, the helium atom. Scattering theory, using partial wave analysis and the Born approximation. 3-0-3

### PHYS 410 Molecular Biophysics

The course covers thermodynamic properties of biological molecules, irreversible and open systems, information theory, biophysical measurements, the structure and properties of proteins, enzyme action, the structure and properties of nucleic acids, genetics at the molecular level, and molecular aspects of important biological systems. 3-0-3

### PHYS 411 Astrophysics

Celestial mechanics and planetary motion; stellar structure and evolution; energy generation in stars; theory of white dwarfs, pulsars (neutron stars), and black holes; quasars; cosmology, background microwave radiation, and the big bang model. 3-0-3

### PHYS 412 Modern Optics and Lasers

Geometrical and physical optics. Interference, diffraction, and polarization. Coherence and holography. Light emission and absorption. Principles of laser action, characterization of lasers, and laser applications. 3-0-3

### PHYS 413 Electromagnetism I

Differentiation and integration of vector fields, and electrostatics and magnetostatics. Calculation of capacitance, resistance, and inductance in various geometries. 3-0-3

### PHYS 414 Electromagnetism II

Propagation and generation of electromagnetic radiation. Antennas and waveguides. Maxwell's equations. Electromagnetic properties of materials. Classical electrodynamics; special relativity. 3-0-3

### PHYS 415 Solid-State Electronics

Energy bands and carrier transport in semi-conductors and metals. Physical principles of p-n junction devices, bipolar junction transistors, FETS, Gunn diodes, IMPATT devices, light-emitting diodes, semiconductor lasers. 3-0-3

### PHYS 418 Introduction to Lasers

Nature of light. Coherence and holography. Light emission and absorption. Principles of laser action. Characteristics of gas lasers, organic dye lasers, solid state lasers. Laser applications. 3-0-3

### PHYS 420 Bio-Nanotechnology

In this multidisciplinary course, we will examine the basic science behind nanotechnology and how it has infused itself into areas of nanofabrication, biomaterials, and molecular medicine. This course will cover materials considered basic building blocks of nanodevices such as organic molecules, carbon nanotubes, and quantum dots. Top-down and bottom-up assembly processes such as thin film patterrning through advanced lithography methods, self-assembly of molecular structures, and biological systems will be discussed. Students will also learn how bionanotechnology applies to modern medicine, including diagnostics and imaging and nanoscale, as well as targeted, nanotherapy and finally nanosurgery. 3-0-3

### PHYS 425 High Energy Astrophysics

High-energy astrophysics covers interactions in the most extreme physical conditions across the cosmos. Included in this course are the physics of black holes, neutron stars, large scale jets, accretion, shocks, and particle acceleration. Emission mechanisms resulting from relativistic particle acceleration are covered including synchrotron radiation and Bremsstrahlung and Compton processes. Recent observations of X-ray to TeV gamma-ray energies have contributed significantly to understanding these phenomena and will be highlighted. 3-0-3

### PHYS 427 Advanced Physics Laboratory I

Experiments related to our present understanding of the physical world. Emphasis is on quantum phenomena in atomic, molecular, and condensed matter physics, along with the techniques of measurement and data analysis. The second semester stresses project-oriented experiments on modern topics including spectroscopy, condensed matter physics, and nuclear physics. 2-3-3 (C)

### PHYS 428 Advanced Physics Laboratory II

Experiments related to our present understanding of the physical world. Emphasis is on quantum phenomena in atomic, molecular, and condensed matter physics, along with the techniques of measurement and data analysis. The second semester stresses project-oriented experiments on modern topics including spectroscopy, condensed matter physics and nuclear physics. 2-3-3 (C)

### PHYS 437 Solid State Physics

Crystal structure and binding, lattice vibrations, phonons, free electron model, band theory of electrons. Electrical, thermal, optical, and magnetic properties of solids. Superconductivity. 3-0-3

### PHYS 440 Computational Physics

Root finding using the Newton-Raphson method; interpolation using Cubic Splines and Least Square Fitting; solving ordinary differential equations using Runge-Kutta and partial differential equations using Finite Difference and Finite Element techniques; numerical quadrature using Simpson's Rule, Gaussian Quadrature and the Monte Carlo method; and spectral analysis using Fast Fourier Transforms. These techniques are applied to a wide range of physics problems such as finding the energy levels of a finite quantum well using a root finding technique, solving the Schrodinger equation using the Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg method, using random numbers to simulate stochastic processes such as a random walk, using the Fast Fourier Transform method to perform a spectral analysis on non-linear chaotic systems such as the Duffing oscillator, and using auto-correlation functions to simulate sonar or radar ranging problems. 2-3-3 (C)

### PHYS 465 Elec, Mag & Optical Properties

Electronic structure of solids, semiconductor devices, and their fabrication. Ferroelectric and piezoelectric materials. Magnetic properties, magnetocrystalline anisotropy, magnetic materials and devices. Optical properties and their applications, generation, and use of polarized light. Same as MMAE 465. 3-0-3

### PHYS 485 Physics Colloquium

Lectures by prominent scientists. This course exposes students to current and active research in physics both within and outside the IIT community. It helps prepare students for a career in research. It is complementary to our academic courses and provides examples of professional/scientific presentations. This course may not be used to satisfy the natural science general education requirement. 1-0-1

### PHYS 491 Undergraduate Research

Recommendation of advisor and approval of the department chair. Student participation in undergraduate research, usually during the junior or senior year. (Credit: Variable) (C)

### PHYS 497 Special Topics in Physics

(Credit: Variable)(C)

### PHYS 498 Research Honors Thesis Preparation

Background and research following a summer research honors project, preparing to write a research honors thesis in Physics 499. Student will organize a review committee to direct and review the research. (Variable Credit:1-3)

### PHYS 499 Research Honors Thesis

Background and laboratory research and thesis writing following a summer research project and thesis preparation. The student will meet regularly with his or her committee during thesis preparation and will write and defend thesis.(Variable Credit: 2-4)

## Graduate

### PHYS 501 Methods of Theoretical Physics I

Vector analysis including curvilinear coordinates. Tensor algebra. Ordinary differential equations and special functions. Complex variables algebra, Cauchy-Riemann conditions, harmonic functions. Cauchy theorem, Cauchy formula. Laurent series. Residues calculus, calculation of integrals using residues. Partial differential equations: separation of variables, Fourier series methods. Laplace, wave, diffusion equations in Cartesian, cylindrical and spherical systems of coordinates. Special functions and orthogonal polynomials: Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials, associated Legendre polynomials, Hermite, Laguerre, etc. polynomials. (3-0-3)

### PHYS 502 Methods of Theoretical Physics II

Green functions. Their connection with a complex variables calculus. Advanced, retarded, causal GF. Group theory. Discrete groups, elementary examples and properties. Lie groups, their fundamental properties, applications in quantum mechanics. O(3), SU(2), SU(3), Lorentz groups and their applications in quantum theory. Basic ideas of differential geometry and topology. Path integrals. Special topics specified on the year-by-year basis. (3-0-3)

### PHYS 505 Electromagnetic Theory

Maxwell equations including a derivation of their macroscopic version. Electrostatics, magnetostatics. Electromagnetic waves, dipole radiation, beyond the dipole radiation (quadruple and magneto-dipole radiation); scattering of electromagnetic waves. Gradient (gauge) invariance, special relativity, Lorentz invariant formulation of electrodynamics, Maxwell equations in relativistic invariant form; Lienard-Wiechert fields, relativistic charge electromagnetic field, basic ideas of synchrotron radiation.(3-0-3)

### PHYS 507 Electrodynamics

Covariant formulation of Maxwell's equations. Variational principles of classical field theory. Theory of radiation reactions. Topics in contemporary electrodynamics. (3-0-3)

### PHYS 508 Analytical Dynamics

Newton's laws. Lagrange's equations. Central forces. Invariance properties and conservation laws. Collections of particles. Rigid body motions. Small vibrations. Hamilton's equations. Canonical transformations. Hamilton-Jacobi theory. Approximation methods. Special theory of relativity. Classical theory of fields. Undergraduates may take the course with permission of their advisor and their instructor. 3-0-3

### PHYS 509 Quantum Theory I

Survey of solutions to the Schrodinger Equation in one, two, and three dimensions. Hydrogen, helium, and other atoms. Spin 1/2 particles. Entangled states. EPR Paradox. Bell's Theorem. Formalism of quantum mechanics. Magnetic fields in quantum mechanics. Aharonov-Bohm Effect. Berry's Phase. Time Independent Perturbation Theory. Spin-orbit coupling. Variational method. WKB Method. Many electron wavefunction. Pauli Principle. More detailed look at excited states of helium atom. Time Dependent Perturbation Theory. Fermi's Golden Rule. Lifetime of excited atomic states. 3-0-3

### PHYS 510 Quantum Theory II

Algebra of angular momenta. Rotation Group. Abstract group theory, Lie algebra, generators, structure constants. O(3), SU(2), SU(3), Lorentz group examples. Scattering theory. S-matrix. Lippmann-Schwinger Equation. Partial wave analysis. Second quantization. Its applications. Bogolyubov transformations. Relativistic Quantum Mechanics. Klein-Gordon Equation. Dirac Equation. 3-0-3

### PHYS 515 Statistical Mechanics

Ensembles and distribution functions. Classical gases and magnetic systems. Ideal Quantum Gases. Interacting systems. Real Space Renormalization group and critical phenomena. Quantum Statistical Mechanics: Superfluidity and superconductivity. Fluctuations and dissipation. 3-0-3

### PHYS 518 General Relativity

Lorentz transformations, Minkowski space, 4D vectors and tensors, kinematics and dynamics of special relativity. Riemann geometry, Christoffel symbols, covariant derivatives, geodesics, curvature tensor, Einstein equations. Classical experiments of general relativity, Schwarzschild solution, physics of black holes. Cosmology, Big Bang theory, gravitational waves. Instructor permission required. 3-0-3

### PHYS 520 Bio-Nanotechnology

In this multidisciplinary course, we will examine the basic science behind nanotechnology and how it has infused itself into areas of nanofabrication, biomaterials, and molecular medicine. This course will cover materials considered basic building blocks of nanodevices such as organic molecules, carbon nanotubes, and quantum dots. Top-down and bottom-up assembly processes such as thin film patterning through advanced lithography methods, self-assembly of molecular structures, and biological systems will be discussed. Students will also learn how bionanotechnology applies to modern medicine, including diagnostics and imaging and nanoscale, as well as targeted, nanotherapy and finally nanosurgery. 3-0-3

### PHYS 537 Solid State Physics I

Crystal structure and crystal binding. Free electron model of metals and semiconductors. Energy band theory. Elastic Properties. Lattice Waves, Dielectric properties. 3-0-3

### PHYS 538 Physics of the Solid State II

Higher order susceptibility, spin-orbit coupling, optical absorption, superconductivity. Properties of metals, semiconductors, and insulators. Device physics. Magnetic properties of materials. 3-0-3

### PHYS 539 Physical Methods of Characterization

A survey of physical methods of characterization including x-ray diffraction and fluorescence surface techniques including SEM, TEM, AES and ESCA, thermal methods and synchrotron radiation methods. Same as CHEM 509. 3-0-3

### PHYS 545 Particle Physics I

The course is an introduction to and overview of the field of elementary particle physics. No previous exposure is assumed. The first third of the course is devoted to the symmetries of the strong interaction. The second third is a modern introduction to the gauge theories of the electromagnetic, strong, and weak interactions, and their leading evaluation via Feynman diagrams. The final third introduces topics of current and speculative research. 3-0-3

### PHYS 546 Particle Physics II

The course is a continuation of PHYS 545 but is self-contained. The goal is to provide a functional understanding of particle physics phenomenology of QED, QCD, and electroweak physics. Topics include QED: Spin-dependent cross sections, crossing symmetries, C/P/CP QCD: Gluons, parton model, jets Electroweak interactions: W, Z, and Higgs. Weak decays and production of weak bosons Loop calculations: Running couplings, renormalization. 3-0-3

### PHYS 553 Quantum Field Theory

Relativistic wave equations. Semiclassical and quantum theories of radiation. Photoelectric effect. Pair production. Bremsstrahlung. Compton scattering. Second quantization of the electron field. Renormalization. Lamb shift. Vacuum polarization. Exact methods for external field problems. 3-0-3

### PHYS 561 Radiation Biophysics

Energy loss by ionizing radiation. Target theory. Direct and indirect action. Radiation effects in biomolecules. Radiation inactivation of enzymes, nucleic acids, and viruses. Biological effects of ultraviolet radiation. Photosensitization. Radiation protection and sensitization. Radiation effects in vivo, radiation therapy, and phototherapy. 3-0-3

### PHYS 563 Project Management: Business Principles

The course will cover a wide range of business principles highlighting project management and the components of business that employees may encounter. The goal of the course is to help the student understand basic business principles and project management skills, help the student understand the application of organizational behavior in today's workplace and equip the student to function more effectively both independently and as a team in today's organizations. 2-0-2

### PHYS 566 Environmental Health Physics

Impact of ionizing radiation and radionuclides on the environment. Identifying environmental effects of specific natural and artificial nuclides. Models for deposition and transport of nuclides, including air and water disbursement. Environmental dosimetry and remediation. Facility decommissioning and decontamination. 2-0-2

### PHYS 570 Introduction to Synchrotron Radiation

Production and characterization of synchrotron radiation, dynamical and kinematical diffraction, absorption and scattering processes, x-ray optics for synchrotron radiation and x-ray detectors. Overview of experimental techniques including XAFS, XPS, SAXS, WAXS, diffraction, inelastic x-ray scattering, fluorescence spectroscopy, microprobe, tomography and optical spectroscopy. 3-0-3

### PHYS 571 Radiation Physics

Fundamentals of Radiation Physics will be presented with an emphasis on problem-solving. Topics covered are review of atomic and nuclear physics; radioactivity and radioactive decay law; and interaction of radiation with matter, including interactions of heavy and light charged particles with matter, interactions of photons with matter, and interactions of neutrons with matter. 3-0-3

### PHYS 572 INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH PHYSICS

Health Physics profession; Units in radiation protection; Radiation sources; Interaction od ionizing radiation with matter; Detectors for radiation protection; Biological effects of ionizing radiation; Introduction to microdosimetry; Medical health physics; Fuel cycle health physics; Power reactor health physics; University health physics; Accelerator health physics; Environmental health physics; Radiation accidents. 3-0-3

### PHYS 573 Standards, Statutes and Regulations

This course studies the requirements of agencies that regulate radiation hazards, their basis in law and the underlying US and international standards. An array of overlapping requirements will be examined. The effect regulatory agencies have upon the future of organizations and the consequences of noncompliance are explored. 3-0-3

### PHYS 574 INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE

This course introduces the concept and components of nuclear fuel cycle that originated from the mining of uranium through the production and utilization of nuclear fuel to the nuclear/radioactive waste generation and disposal. The mechanisms of normal operations through the fuel cycle process will be discussed as well as the accidental situations with expanded coverage on nuclear reactor issues. Emphasis will be placed on the radiological health and safety aspects of the operations. The study will also include key regulatory compliance issues. 2-0-2

### PHYS 575 Case Studies in Health Physics

This is a non-instructional course designed to promote the understanding of radiation safety through lessons learned from the past incidents. The focus will be on the means for improving the future operations of the acilities/devices. The course is recommended to be among the last courses taken by students who have gained at least one year of academic exposure in health physics and with some level of capability in to address the underlying technical aspects. 3-0-3

### PHYS 576 RADIATION DOSIMETRY

This course is to study the science and technique of determining radiation dose and is fundamental to evaluating radiation hazards and risks to humans. This course covers both external dosimetry for radiation sources that are outside the human body and internal dosimetry for intake of radioactive materials into the human body. Topics will include: dosimetry recommendations of ICRP for occupational exposure; US NRC and DOE requirements for particular work environments; and MIRD methodology for medical use of radionuclides. 2-0-2

### PHYS 577 OPERATIONAL HEALTH PHYSICS

Covers the basic principles for establishing and maintaining an effective institutional radiation safety program including the following: facility design criteria; organizational management issues; training; internal and external radiation control; radioactive waste disposal; environmental monitoring; radiation safety instrumentation; ALARA program; and emergency response planning. The course will also cover facility licensing/registration with state and federal agencies and legal issues such as institutional and individual liability, fines, violations, and worker rights and responsibilities. 2-0-2

### PHYS 578 MEDICAL HEALTH PHYSICS

Medical Health Physics (MHP) profession; sources of radiation in the medical environment; radioisotopes in nuclear medicine; diagnostic use of X-rays (radiography, mammography, CT, fluoroscopy); therapeutic use of X-ray and gamma radiation (Co-60 and LINAC based radiation therapy); radiotherapy using sealed radioisotopes (brachytherapy); radiation protection in diagnostic and interventional radiology; radiation protection in nuclear medicine; radiation protection in external beam radiotherapy; radiation protection in brachytherapy; radiation accidents in medicine. 2-0-2

### PHYS 585 Physics Colloquium

Lectures by invited scientists in areas of physics generally not covered in the department. May be taken twice by M. S. students to fulfill course credit requirements. 1-0-1

### PHYS 591 Research and Thesis M.S.

(Credit: variable)

### PHYS 597 Reading and Special Problems

Independent study to meet the special needs of graduate students in department-approved graduate degree programs. Requires the written consent of the instructor. May be taken more than once. Receives a letter grade. (Credit: variable)

### PHYS 600 Continuation of Residence

1-0-1

### PHYS 685 Physics Colloquium

Lectures by invited scientists in areas of physics generally not covered in the department. Must be taken twice by M. S. students and four times by Ph. D. students. May be substituted by PHYS 585 for M. S. students. 1-0-1

### PHYS 691 Research & Thesis Phd

(Credit: Variable)

### PHYS 770 Instrumentation for Radiation Health Physics

Detecting and measuring radioactive material and radiation levels depends upon many types of detectors and instrumentation. Theory of detectors ranging from chambers operating in pulse and current producing modes to solid state detectors is applied to measuring and monitoring systems. Electronics ranging from simple rate meters and scalers to high speed multi-channel analyzers is used. Computer linked instrumentation and computer based applications are applied to practical problems. 0-6-2